Dedicated to the communication of news, science, and information of interest to the brain mapping community, and to sharing and promoting the science of brain mapping.
  The purpose and goal of brain mapping is to advance the understanding of the relationship between structure and function in the human brain. Scientists in this field seek to gain knowledge of the physical processes that underlie human sensation, attention awareness and cognition. These results are immediately applicable to surgical intervention, to the design of medical interventions and to the treatment of psychological and psychiatric disorders.

Latest News:

07/28
Findings of Research Misconduct
Notice NOT-OD-15-131 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts…
07/28
Research to Advance Vaccine Safety (R21)
Funding Opportunity PA-15-313 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose …
07/28
Research to Advance Vaccine Safety (R01)
Funding Opportunity PA-15-312 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose …
07/28
AHRQ Announces Interest in Innovative Methods Research to Increase the Utility of Systematic Reviews
Notice NOT-HS-15-011 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts…
07/27
Researchers identify protein in mice that helps prepare for healthy egg-sperm union
The protein is also being looked at as a therapeutic target for hypertension and other heart ailment…
07/27
Many new mothers report no physician advice on infant sleep position, breastfeeding
NIH-funded survey finds consistent advice lacking on infant care recommendations.…
07/27
Rwanda?s Health Minister to deliver global health lecture at NIH
Agnes Binagwaho, M.D., Ph.D., will visit the National Institutes of Health on Wednesday, July 29, 20…
07/21
Young South African women can adhere to daily PrEP regimen as HIV prevention
NIH-funded study finds men in Bangkok, Harlem also successful in taking daily dose.…
07/20
NIH Body Weight Planner added to USDA SuperTracker food and activity tool
Science-based technology provides users greater customizing to help reach and sustain a healthy weig…
07/20
NIH study identifies gene variant linked to compulsive drinking
Scientists find mice carrying gene variant consume excessive amounts of alcohol, despite negative co…
07/20
Study shows promise of precision medicine for most common type of lymphoma
Lymphomas are caused by an abnormal proliferation of white blood cells and can occur at any age.…
07/20
Early antiretroviral therapy prevents non-AIDS outcomes in HIV-infected people
NIH-supported findings illustrate manifold benefit of therapy.…
07/20
HIV control through treatment durably prevents heterosexual transmission of virus
NIH-funded trial proves suppressive antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected people effective in prot…
07/20
NIH joins public-private partnership to fund research on autism biomarkers
Biomarkers Consortium project to improve tools for measuring and treating social impairment in child…
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Concept Clearance » The Neural Mechanisms of Integrated Social and Emotional Representation
This initiative aims to stimulate and support research investigating the neural circuits and dynamic…
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Concept Clearance » Adult Maturational Changes and Dysfunctions in Emotion Regulation
This initiative aims to stimulate mechanistic research on how age- and sex-related changes in emotio…
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Blog Post » Something Interesting is Happening
Dr. Insel discusses how the Precision Medicine Initiative will create a new kind of patient-driven r…
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Blog Post » Early BRAIN Breakthroughs
Dr. Insel blogs about recent breakthroughs from the BRAIN Initiative, which show the promise of what…
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Blog Post » Accentuate the Positive: Rhythm and Blues
Researchers were able to reverse some of the behavioral effects of stress in mice by stimulating bra…
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Concept Clearance » Novel Strategies for Targeting HIV-CNS Reservoirs without Reactivation
The goal of this initiative is to stimulate research to identify latently infected cells in the cent…
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Blog Post » Quality Counts
The Institute of Medicine has issued a report looking at the effectiveness of psychosocial treatment…
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Concept Clearance » Reducing the Burden of Suicide among American Indian and Alaska Native Youth
The overall goal of this initiative is to stimulate research focused on preventing suicide and promo…
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Blog Post » Viewing the STARRS Data
Last week, two important research events unfolded without fanfare and without headlines. June 30 ma…
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Concept Clearance » Pragmatic Strategies for Assessing Psychotherapy Quality in Practice
This initiative is intended to support the development and testing of pragmatic tools and strategies…
07/29
'Dialing for Diabetes Control' helps urban adults lower blood sugar
Periodic telephone counseling can be a highly effective, low-cost tool for lowering blood-sugar leve…
07/28
Fatty acid increases performance of cellular powerhouse
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center have discovered an entirely new control mechanism …
07/28
Experimental MERS vaccine shows promise in animal studies
A two-step regimen of experimental vaccines against MERS prompted immune responses in mice and rhesu…
07/28
Practice doesn't always make perfect (depending on your brain)
How do you get to Carnegie Hall? New research on the brain's capacity to learn suggests there's more…
07/28
Brain disease scenarios revised by step-by-step imaging of toxic aggregation
Diseases like Alzheimer's are caused when proteins aggregate and clump together. In a world first, E…
07/28
Illuminating mechanisms of repetitive thinking
The ability to engage in mental time travel is a unique and central part of the human experience. An…
07/28
Neurology researchers evaluate evidence base for tests for clinical cognitive assessment
Recommendations for improving clinical cognitive testing were reported by the American Academy of Ne…
07/28
Stress hormone reduces heroin cravings
Every addiction is characterized by a strong desire for a certain addictive substance, be it nicotin…
07/28
Cardiovascular risk factors may predict Alzheimer?s disease
… later consisting of a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cognitive test, measuring…
07/28
Does Talent or Training Make a Musician Good It? Depends on Their Brain Structure
A new study provides evidence to distinguish between the parts of the brain which account for indivi…
07/28
Gadolinium Brain Deposit Risks Following MRI With Contrast Reviewed by FDA
… ), which are used to improve magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results, may leave metal &#82…
07/28
McMaster scientists show a link between intestinal bacteria and depression
Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or its metabolic activity induced by …
07/28
Brain disease scenarios revised by step-by-step imaging of toxic aggregation
Diseases like Alzheimer's are caused when proteins aggregate and clump together.…
07/28
Where memory is encoded and retrieved: New findings in a long-standing debate
Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encod…
07/28
Lingering lymphocytes lash out against Leishmania
Immune cells that hang around after parasitic skin infection help ward off secondary attack, accordi…
07/28
Selective Imitation Makes For Precocious Social Learners
A new study reports children who are able to selectively imitate behaviors are more flexible social …
07/28
Sleep Deprivation Reduces Aggression and Mating Behavior in Fruit Flies
A new study reports a lack of sleep can reduce aggression and affect reproductive fitness in fruit f…
07/28
Encoding and Retrieving Memories: Understanding Hippcampal Function at the Cellular Level
Researchers report the successful memory encoding and retrieval occurs in the dorsal area of the rat…
07/28
Parents' health literacy affects child weight-loss tactics, study finds
Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are u…
07/28
Brain disease scenarios revised by step-by-step imaging of toxic aggregation
Diseases like Alzheimer's are caused when proteins aggregate and clump together. In a world first, E…
07/28
Insulin resistance, glucose uptake in the brain in adults at risk for Alzheimer's
An imaging study suggests insulin resistance, a prevalent and increasingly common condition, was ass…
07/28
Babies' brains show that social skills linked to second language learning
Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio…
07/28
New tool uses 'drug spillover' to match cancer patients with treatments
An article in the journal Bioinformatics from researchers at the University of Colorado Cancer Cente…
07/28
Neural efficiency hypothesis confirmed
The brains of more intelligent people are capable of solving tasks more efficiently, which is why th…
07/28
Predictors of climate change awareness and risk perception vary around the globe
Using data from the largest cross-sectional survey of climate change perceptions ever conducted, res…
07/27
Study suggests clear connection between wireless devices and cancer
A metabolic imbalance caused by radiation from your wireless devices could be the link to a number o…
07/27
Peter Kareiva takes helm at UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability
Kareiva will conduct research into urban conservation, improving environmental communications and ex…
07/27
Point where brain unites eyes, double vision found
… visual processing. The researchers took Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) …
07/23
Researchers identify the source of the debilitating memory loss in people with psychosis
As disabling as its delusions and hallucinations, psychosis' devastating toll on memory arises from …
07/20
A cytosolic network suppressing mitochondria-mediated proteostatic stress and cell death
Mitochondria are multifunctional organelles whose dysfunction leads to neuromuscular degeneration an…
07/15
Molecular basis of ligand recognition and transport by glucose transporters
The SLC2 family glucose transporters facilitate the transport of glucose and other monosaccharides a…
07/15
Imaging in Endovascular Stroke Trials
ABSTRACT Ischemic stroke remains a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Various endovasc…
07/15
Issue Information
(Source: Journal of Neuroimaging)…
07/15
Metabolic rescue in pluripotent cells from patients with mtDNA disease
Mitochondria have a major role in energy production via oxidative phosphorylation, which is dependen…
07/13
Regional Cerebral Disease Progression in Friedreich's Ataxia: A Longitudinal Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study
CONCLUSIONDTI can track brain microstructural changes in FRDA and can be considered a potential biom…
07/01
The N170 observed 'in the wild': robust event-related potentials to faces in cluttered dynamic visual scenes
As a social species in a constantly changing environment, humans rely heavily on the informational …
07/01
Neural correlates of generation and inhibition of verbal association patterns in mood disorders
Objectives: Thought disorders such as rumination or flight of ideas are frequent in patients with m…
07/01
Task-dependent and distinct roles of the temporoparietal junction and inferior frontal cortex in the control of imitation
The control of neurological networks supporting social cognition is crucially important for social …
07/01
Viral-genetic tracing of the input?output organization of a central noradrenaline circuit
Deciphering how neural circuits are anatomically organized with regard to input and output is instru…
07/01
Examining gray matter structures associated with individual differences in global life satisfaction in a large sample of young adults
Although much attention has been directed towards life satisfaction that refers to an individual&rs…
07/01
The influence of oxytocin on volitional and emotional ambivalence
Moral decisions and social relationships are often characterized by strong feelings of ambivalence …
07/01
Effect of brain structure and function on reward anticipation in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder combined subtype
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with decreased ventral-striatal respo…
07/01
Brain activity associated with illusory correlations in animal phobia
Anxiety disorder patients were repeatedly found to overestimate the association between disorder-re…
07/01
Adolescent neighborhood quality predicts adult dACC response to social exclusion
Neuroimaging studies using the social-exclusion paradigm Cyberball indicate increased dorsal anteri…
07/01
Spontaneous default mode network phase-locking moderates performance perceptions under stereotype threat
This study assessed whether individual differences in self-oriented neural processing were associat…
07/01
Oxytocin increases bias, but not accuracy, in face recognition line-ups
Previous work indicates that intranasal inhalation of oxytocin improves face recognition skills, ra…
07/01
Neural changes with attention bias modification for anxiety: a randomized trial
Attention bias modification (ABM) procedures typically reduce anxiety symptoms, yet little is known…
07/01
Mapping the relationship between subgenual cingulate cortex functional connectivity and depressive symptoms across adolescence
Changes in the functional connectivity of the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (SGC) have been l…
07/01
The effect of context on responses to racially ambiguous faces: changes in perception and evaluation
Reactions to individuals who possess features associated with multiple racial groups may be particu…
More NIH News...

At left: Pre-Colombian Brain Surgery

Rock art, and healed trephined skulls, from the early Peruvians show considerable sophistication in performing open brain surgeries. It is not clear why such surgeries were performed. The link below presents some of this ample history.
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